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کشاورز ایرانی (مرکز ارائه خدمات جامع آموزش کشاورزی) - ار قام سیب Apple Varieties

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ار قام سیب Apple Varieties

نویسنده: مهندس علیرضا شعاعی   طبقه بندی: میوه کاری، باغداری، گیاه شناسی، 



A round or oval shaped fruit that is harvested from lower growing trees found in most of the temperate regions of the world. The fruit has a thin skin that may range in color from shades of green, yellow, and red or any combination of these. The flesh is generally off-white or cream colored and is very juicy. They are generally sweet flavored but may be slightly sour, tart, or even a bit bland depending on the variety. Among the many varieties of common apples are the Braeburn, Cortland, Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith, Golden Delicious, Red Delicious, Jonathan, Jonagold, McIntosh, and Pacific or Southern Rose.

How to use: Apples can be eaten plain, made into sauce or jelly, or they can be included in a variety of salads, meat dishes, pies, and other desserts. As a dried fruit, apples can be added to a variety of baked goods or in a fresh form, they can be used to produce juice, vinegar, cider, and alcoholic beverages, such as hard cider and apple brandy.

How to buy: Buy apples that are brightly colored, firm, and free of bruises or damaged skin. If the flesh gives under pressure, the apple will be soft. The skin on the apple should be taut and show no signs of shriveling. Select individual apples over pre-bagged apples so that you can see what you are selecting and have an opportunity to smell the apples to make sure they have a fresh smell and are not musty. Apples are graded according to their size and quality. The higher the grade, the more expensive the apple. The end use of the apple will determine the variety of apple you should buy.

Storage: For best results, place apples in a perforated plastic bag, sprinkle with water and store in the coldest area of the refrigerator for 2 to 3 weeks. Apples give off a gas called ethylene that speeds up ripening, so they should be kept away from other fruits and vegetables to prevent them from ripening prematurely. Apples can be stored at room temperature for a short period of time but should be checked regularly because they will ripen more rapidly than if stored in the refrigerator. To store fresh picked apples for a long period of time, wrap them in paper and place folded side down in a single layer on a tray. Store in a cool, dark, dry place. The ideal temperature for storage is between 32°F and 40°F. Check frequently to see if any apples have begun to rot. Dried apples can be stored in a sealed plastic bag in the refrigerator for an indefinite period of time.Apples

Ambrosia Apple

Apple_ambrosiaA medium size apple with red color with some striping on a creamy yellow background. The ambrosia apple does not have a long storage life so it should be used within approximately four months of harvesting. The apple originated from British Columbia and is a good snacking apple with its crisp texture and juicy aromatic flesh. Its flesh does not oxidize and turn brown as quickly as other apples so it works great for salads.

Arkansas Black Apple

Apple_arkansas_blackA small to medium size deep red apple whose red color turns to a deep purplish red and at times almost looks black. It originated in Arkansas and is thought to possible be an offshoot of a Winesap apple. It has a firm, crisp, yellow flesh that has a tart aromatic flavor. The Arkansas Black apple stores well in cold storage. It will keep its freshness for 6 months when stored properly

Baldwin Apple

Apple_baldwinA red-skinned apple that has streaks of yellow and is heavily speckled with russet spots. It is an all-purpose apple has a sweet-tart flavor with a slight spiciness to it. It has a crisp texture, which holds up well when cooked. Its slightly spicy flavor makes it a good choice for making cider and pies. Baldwins are not always easy to find.

Breaburn Apple

Apple_braeburnA variety of apple that is very firm with a sweet and slightly tart flavor. It may range in color from greenish-gold to red and is popular as a snack or served in salads and desserts.

Cameo

Apple_cameoA fairly new variety of apple that is thought to be a cross between Red and Golden Delicious apples. It has a creamy yellow colored background with red striping over it. The Cameo apple has crisp, juicy flesh with a sweet flavor and a touch of tartness. It is a good apple for snacking and to use fresh in salads. It is also a good cooking apple and makes great desserts. The Cameo stores well when refrigerated.

Conell Red Apple

Apple_connell_redA large size apple that is bright solid red or striped red in color. The Connell Red is a version of Fireside but is redder in color. It is slightly crisp and has a sweet flavor, which makes it a good eating apple. Connell Red apples have a firm texture that holds up well when cooked, making it a good choice for pies and sauces.

Cortland Apple

Apple_cortlandA type of apple that has a sweet and tart flavor with creamy white flesh covered with a vibrant red skin. It is an excellent choice for use in cooked apple dishes.

Crab apple

Apple_crabA variety of apple that is very small in size, usually no larger than 1 to 2 inches in diameter. The outer skin may be yellow, green or red when mature and the inner flesh is a firm to hard texture. Crab apples are known for their tart flavor and they are often used to make a jelly, wine, apple butter, and other foods.

Crimson Gold Apple

Apple_crimson_goldA small variety of apple that is slightly larger than a crab apple, but much smaller than a traditional apple. The Crimson Gold Apple was developed as a cross between a Newton and Spitzenburg heirloom apple. It is a variety of apple that grows well in climates with warmer daytime temperatures with cooler evenings, to develop a higher sugar content. As it matures, this apple has a firm textured flesh that is crisp and sweet flavored. When selecting, choose apples with unblemished skins that are firm to the touch.

Criterion

Apple_criterionA bright yellow skinned apple with some areas of red blushing. It has a firm, crisp texture and a mildly sweet flavor, which makes it a good eating apple. It is slow to brown when cut open so it makes a good apple in salads and it is also makes a good cooking apple.

Elstar

Apple_elstarA cross between a Golden Delicious and Cox's Orange Pippin, it is a medium to large sized apple with a firm cream colored flesh that has a sweet but slightly tart flavor. Its skin has a yellow background streaked with a blushing of red. It is a good all-purpose apple but is excellent for making applesauce.

Empire Apple

Apple_empireA cross between a Delicious and a McIntosh apple, it is a medium sized apple and has a deep red coloring. The Empire has a crisp, juicy flesh that has a mildly tart but sweet flavor, making it a good snacking apple. It is also excellent for baking and salads.

Fireside apple

Apple_firesideA variety of apple, also referred to as a Connell Red, that is bright red and typically large in size. The smooth-textured, bright red outer skin covers a firm white flesh that is dense and fine textured, which provides a mildly sweet flavor. This apple stores well for longer periods of time in refrigerated areas. It is a good apple to eat out of hand or to use for cooking. Also, it dehydrates well as a dried fruit.

Fuji Apple

Apple_fujiRanging in color from a light yellow-green with a bit of red to all red, the Fuji apple has a sweet and spicy flavor. The natural sweetness of the apple makes it a good candidate for applesauce because little sugar is required.

Gala Apple

Apple_galaA variety of apple that is small in size and has a skin that is yellowish-orange in color with red stripes. The flavor is sweet and not too tart, so it is a favorite as a snack

Ginger Gold Apple

Apple_gingergoldA variety of apple that has pale green outer skin and a cream colored crisp textured flesh. It has a slightly tart flavor that is excellent for baking, cooking or for eating as a snack. It is a variety that turns brown slowly, so it is a good choice for use in fresh cut servings.

Golden Delicious Apple

Apple_golddeliciousA variety of apple that has a pale gold and freckled skin, a firm, crisp texture, and a sweet, mellow taste. The flesh resists browning and they are excellent eaten plain or used for cooking, although they lose some of their flavor when cooked.

Golden Russet Apple

Apple_goldenrussetA medium sized apple that has a distinctive greenish yellow to golden brown skin color. The flesh is firm and cream colored providing a sweet juicy flavor. This apple is a good selection for drying, for baking, and for making cider. It can be kept for months in refrigerated storage.

Golden Supreme Apple

Apple_goldensupremeA medium sized apple that is greenish yellow to golden brown in color with a firm cream-colored flesh that provides a sweet juicy flavor. This apple is a good selection for drying, for baking, and for making cider. It can be kept for months in refrigerated storage.

Grany Smith

Apple_grannysmithA tart, crisp, juicy apple with freckled green skin that is as suitable for eating as it is for cooking. Granny Smith apples are imported from New Zealand and Australia and they are also grown in the United States, mainly in California and Arizona.

Gravestein Apple

Apple_gravensteinA type of apple that typically has a green skin streaked with red, however, it can also be mostly red in color. This apple has a texture that is crisp and juicy with a flavor that is very tart. It is considered to be an all-purpose apple because of its versatility as an ingredient for pies and applesauce as well as its flavor for eating out of hand.

Green Pippin Apple

A large sized apple with a round shape. Its green skin turns a greenish yellow when it is fully mature. Its white flesh is s tender and juicy. The Green Pippin ripens in September and stores well.

Haralson Apple

Apple_haralsonA variety of apple that is medium sized, bright red in color with a spot of green, and pronounced small tan-colored spots all over the outer skin. This apple has a firm white flesh that provides a distinctively tart flavor. It is an excellent apple for cooking and baking, as it is commonly used to make pies and desserts. It stores well in refrigerated areas for longer periods of time.

Honey Gold Apple

Apple_honeygoldA medium to large sized apple that has a round cone-like shape. It is golden yellow to yellowish green in color. It frequently has a blush of red color. Its yellow flesh is sweet, similar to Golden Delicious but with a crisper texture. It is an excellent eating apple and is good in salads. Also works well for applesauce, pies and other baking.

Honeycrisp

Apple_honeycrispA variety of apple that has bright red and pale green outer skin and a cream colored crisp yet juicy inner flesh. This apple has a sweet yet slightly tart flavor and it is an excellent apple for salads, baking, cooking, or for eating as a snack.

Ida Red Apple

Apple_idaredA variety of apple that has bright red outer skin and a cream colored crisp textured flesh. They have a slightly tart flavor and hold their shape well making them an excellent choice for baking and cooking. They are also good eating as a snack. Idared apples are also termed as Ida Red.

Jazz Apple

Apple_jazzA new variety of apple created in New Zealand and is now making its way into the United States and other areas around the world. It is a cross between the Royal Gala and Braeburn varieties. It has an orangish red coloring over a light yellow background and a round shape. It has an exceptionally crisp texture with a tangy sweet flavor.

Jonagold Apple

Apple_jonagoldA variety of apple that has a creamy yellow flesh with a sweet and slightly tart flavor. The skin color is a warm red with areas of golden yellow. Jonagold apples are juicy and crisp and excellent for most cooked apple recipes or for eating as a snack.

Jonamac Apple

Apple_jonamacA variety of apple that has bright red outer skin and a cream colored crisp textured aromatic flesh. They have a somewhat tart flavor that is excellent for baking, cooking or for eating as a snack.

Jonathan Apple

Apple_jonathanA very popular apple variety that is shiny red in color and has a juicy, sweet, and slightly tart flavor, and is used as a snack or in salads and desserts. The peak time of year for its availability is from early fall to late winter.

Keepsake Apple

Apple_keepsakeA small apple that has a red outer skin and a cream colored fine textured flesh. This apple has a very sweet flavor with a high sugar content and is a considered a good apple for baking, sauces or eating raw.

Lady Apple

Apple_ladyA small-sized apple with a green and red colored outer skin covering a white, firm textured, juicy inner flesh that provides a tart to sweet flavor. It is an apple that can be used for canning, as a garnish, for sauces, or for small snacks. Because of its size and nice appearance, this apple is commonly used to decorate wreaths and fruit baskets during Christmas, hence the reference to it as the Christmas apple. It is a variety that is, at times confused with the Pink Lady apple in name only, but is not related. The Pink Lady was developed in Australia in the early 1970's while the Lady apple is a very old apple, possibly derived from the Api family of apples.

Liberty Apple

Apple_libertyA medium sized apple that is one of the most disease resistant. It has a conical shape and bright red blushed skin with a little russet around the stem. Its white flesh is crisp, juicy, sweet and just slightly acidic. It is harvested in late September and early October.

Macoun Apple

Apple_macounA small to medium size apple whose skin is colored with a rosy red blush over a green background. It has a juicy white flesh that is crisp and juicy with a taste that is sweet but slightly tart. It makes an excellent snacking apple but also works well in salads, pies and applesauce. Macoun apples are generally only available in the fall and they do not keep well.

McIntosh Apple

Apple_macintoshA light to dark red apple with tints of green covering a very juicy flesh that provides a sweet, tangy (almost tart) flavor. It makes a good eating and baking apple but when used in pies, a thickener may be necessary due to the juiciness of the apple. When storing, refrigerate the apples to keep for longer periods of time and handle them gently, since they bruise easily.

Melrose Apple

Apple_melroseA variety of apple whose skin is covered in red over a green to yellowish background. The red skin is speckled with tan spots. Its white flesh is crisp and its flavor is sweet but slightly tart. It is a good eating apple and works well as a fresh apple in salads. It also makes good pies and applesauce.

Mutsu Apple

Apple_mutsuA greenish yellow to golden yellow colored large apple, which is a cross between a Golden Delicious and an Indo apple. Its greenish yellow skin can have a tint of orange to it at times. It has a creamy white, firm flesh that has a sweet spicy flavor. It is an excellent snacking apple and is also good for baking, salads and sauces. It is also known as a Crispin apple.

Newton Pippin Apple

Apple_newton_pippinA good all-purpose apple that is greenish yellow in color. Its light yellow, juicy flesh is extra crispy and slightly tart. When cut or peeled, these apples have a tendency to darken quickly. They are also called Pippin Apples.

Northwest Greening Apple

Apple_nwgreeningA variety of apple that is a cross between a Golden Russet and an Alexander. It is a large apple with pale green to yellow outer skin, with a russet area around the stem, and a cream colored firm textured flesh. It has a slightly tart flavor and is a good apple for baking or cooking.

Nortthern Spy Apple

Apple_northern_spyA large sized apple that is covered in red over a green to yellowish background. Its juicy flesh has a sweet but tart flavor and a firm texture. Because of their tartness, they are not as popular as other varieties for eating fresh. This apple is a good selection for drying and for making pies and baked goods.

Opalescent Apple

Apple_opalescentA very large, early ripening apple. It has a yellow skin with a red blushing covering a large portion of it. Its flesh is juicy and has a crisp texture. It has a tart flavor and is used mostly for baking.

Pacific Queen Apple

Apple_nzpacificqueenA variety of apple that is a result of the same Gala / Splendour cross as is Pacific Rose and also originated in New Zealand. Pacific Queen is darker red in color, has a higher sugar level and ripens earlier than Pacific Rose, but is similar in taste, providing a sweet, crisp inner flesh. This apple is often compared to the Fuji in flavor and is good for eating out of hand or for use in fruit salads.

PAcific Rose Apple

Apple_pacificroseA variety of apple from the Pacific series of apples that originated in New Zealand. Pacific Rose is a cross between a Gala and a Splendor, with a rosy pink to bright red, thin outer skin. Inside, the flesh white, sweet, crisp and juicy. This apple has excellent storage ability. It is often compared to the Fuji in flavor and is good for eating out of hand or for use in fruit salads.

Paula Red Apple

Apple_paularedA variety of apple that has bright red outer skin with yellow to tan spots. This apple has a cream-colored crisp-textured juicy flesh that provides a slightly tart flavor. It is an excellent apple for baking, cooking or for eating as a snack. When making applesauce with this apple, very little sugar generally needs to be added.

Piñata Apple

Apple_pinataA medium to large size variety of apple, which is a cross between a Golden Delicious, Cox's Orange Pippin, and the Duchess of Oldenburg. This apple was originally named Pinova in Europe where it was first discovered but when a company bought the exclusive rights to grow it in the United States, they renamed it Piñata! It is slightly cone shaped and its skin has a yellowish-orange background with red striping over it. Its white flesh has a sweet flavor with a touch of acidity. It is very juicy and makes a great snacking apple. It is great when used fresh in salads because its flesh resists browning. They also are great for baking and make good sauce.

Pink Lady Brand Apple

Apple_pinkladyA medium-sized fruit that is a cross between the Golden Delicious and the Lady Williams apple. Its skin has a reddish pink coloring over a greenish yellow background. It is a firm, crisp apple with a white flesh, which has a tart-sweet flavor and resists turning brown after being sliced. The apple is used for salads and pies. To preserve the flavor of this apple, keep it refrigerated since heat decreases the texture and good taste.

Pink Pearl Apple

Apple_pink_pearlA small to medium-sized apple that has a creamy colored skin with light to dark pink blushing. The outside appearance of the apple is not as attractive as other apples but once it is cut open its beauty can be appreciated. The bright pink flesh is sure to catch anyones eye. Its pink flesh has a sweet-tart flavor, which makes it a good eating apple. It also makes good pies and sauce. This apple must be handled with care because it bruises easily. They should be used fairly soon after purchasing because they do not store as well as other varieties of apples.

Pink Sparkle Apple

Apple_pink_sparkleA medium to large-sized apple that is dark red in color with a pink and cream colored flesh. It has a round, plump shape that is broader at the base. The pink color flesh will vary in darkness depending on the climate. It has an aromatic, tart but mildly sweet flavor. It has a beautifully patterned flesh, especially when cut crosswise. It bakes well and works well in desserts.

Prairy Spy Apple

Apple_prairiespyA hearty apple variety that is medium in size, with an outer skin that has a rosy red blush over a green background. The cream colored, firm flesh provides a tart flavor. This apple is excellent for pies and baked goods. It can be kept for months in refrigerated storage.

Red Delicious Apple

Apple_reddeliciousA large, bright red apple with an elongated shape that has five distinctive knobs on the bottom. It is deliciously sweet and juicy, making it a good apple to eat out of the hand. It does not work well for cooking.

Redfree Apple

Apple_redfreeA medium sized bright red apple that has creamy white flesh, which is firm and juicy. It has a sweet, mildly acidic flavor. It makes a good eating apple and works well in pies. It is an excellent drying apple. It has a shorter shelf life than some other varieties. Stores for 6 to 8 weeks.

Regent Apple

Apple_regentA mid-sized variety of apple that has bright red outer skin with pale green markings and a cream-colored crisp, juicy inner flesh. This apple has a sweet flavor similar to a Delicious apple and is an excellent apple for salads, baking, cooking, or for eating out of hand as a snack. It freezes well for keeping longer periods of time.

Rhode Island Greening Apple

Apple_rhodeisland_greeningA green to yellow colored apples that is medium sized with a russet area around the stem. The inner flesh is firm textured, white and tart flavored. It is great for pies, applesauce and other cooking needs because of its sweet-tart flavor that intensifies when it is cooked. This variety of apple is generally found in the central and eastern regions of the U.S. The variety found in the western region that compares to the Rhode Island Greening is the Northwest Greening.

Rome Apple

Apple_romeA round, bright red apple with an aromatic, rich flavor when cooked. The Rome is a slightly tart apple that tastes somewhat bland when eaten raw, however when cooked its flavor is enhanced. It makes a good pie and cobbler apple because is holds its texture and shape when baked. This apple is also known as Rome Beauty.

Sierra Beauty

A large apple that is green to yellow in color with a red blushing or streaking. It is a crisp, juicy apple with a tart flavor. It makes a good eating apple, especially for those who prefer a more tart apple. They can be used for cooking but do not hold their shape well. Sierra Beauty apples store well.

Sonya Apple

Apple_sonyaOriginating in New Zealand, this variety of apple has been developed with a distinctive shape and flavor. The Sonya Apple is taller in shape than a traditional apple, standing more upright rather than round and stout. Covered with light red shading over a golden yellow and green background, the flesh of the Sonya Apple matures into a very sweet flavor with very little acidity. Sonya Apples are descendants of the Gala and Red Delicious varieties, with a flavor similar to the Golden or Red Delicious apples, but sweeter.

Southern Rose Apple

Apple_southernroseA variety of apple that has a fully dark red outer skin with firm white inner meat. Southern Rose was discovered in New Zealand as a chance seedling and shares many characteristics with Braeburn. Also known as "Red Braeburn," Southern Rose's flavor is tangy-sweet. It is a good apple for eating out of hand and for use in fresh-cut trays, since it resists browning naturally.

Spartan Apple

Apple_spartanAn all-purpose medium sized apple that is a cross between the McIntosh and the Newtown apple. It is dark red in color over a greenish yellow background and has a crisp, white flesh providing a uniquely sweet flavor. It is a great snacking apple and cooks up soft, making it excellent for applesauc

Splendor Apple

Apple_splendorA fruit that comes from the Pacific Rose family of apples, this apple is a cross between a Red Dougherty and a Golden Delicious. It is a larger apple with a pinkish-red colored thin skin and a juicy, white inner flesh. The apple provides a distinctively sweet flavor and is often considered to be a dessert apple. It bruises easily, but does store very well. It can also be referred to as Splendour Apple.

Spy Gold Apple

Apple_spy_goldLarge in size, this apple was developed as a cross between a Northern Spy and a Golden Delicious apple. Similar in size to a Northern Spy, which is slightly larger than a Golden Delicious, the Spy Gold matures into a predominatly red coloring with a gold background. Beneath the outer skin is a yellowish-white flesh that is firm and crisp in texture. The Spy Gold provides the sweet tasting flavor of a Golden Delicious and the juicy consistency of a Northern Spy. It is a good apple for pies, baking and snacking. This apple may also be referred to as a Spygold, Spigold, or Spi Gold.

State Fair Apple

An early season apple that is medium sized with skin that has bright reddish-orange striping over a yellow background. It has a round, slightly conic shape. Its aromatic flesh is crisp, juicy and has a sweet but slightly tart flavor. It is one of the firmer, sweeter varieties and keeps fairly well for being one of the early seasoned apples. It is a good fresh eating apple. It is harvested beginning in the middle of August through September.

Stayman Apple

Apple_staymanA medium to large red apple with skin that has areas of slight russeting. The Stayman has a juicy off-white flesh that is firm but tender and provides a sweet but slightly tart, wine-like flavor. It is a good apple for pies, sauces or eating raw. This apple keeps well in refrigerated storage. The Stayman apple is a milder offspring of the Winesap apple but is slightly larger and more elongated. Also referred to as a Stayman Winesap.

Sunrise Apple

Apple_sunriseA medium to large sized apple that has a light yellow background that is striped with red, with more red on the exposed side. Its crisp, juicy white flesh and wonderful sweet, tart flavor makes it an excellent snacking apple. It is also a good baking apple for pies and desserts.

Sweet 16 Apple

Apple_sweet16A medium size apple that has a red with yellow streaked outer skin and a cream colored fine textured flesh. This apple has a very sweet flavor with high sugar content and is considered a good apple for baking sauces or eating raw.

Wealthy Apple

Apple_wealthyAn older variety of apple that is able to endure and grow well in colder climates. The wealthy is a medium to large size apple with a greenish-yellow and red outer skin covering a white to cream colored flesh. This apple provides crisp textured meat with a tart flavor. It is a variety that is often used for pies, cakes, sauces, juice, and cider.

Winesap Apple

Apple_winesapA small deep red apple with a juicy, yet firm, greenish yellow flesh and a tart, wine-like flavor. The Winesap apple is a good eating apple or served in salads. It is an all-purpose apple, which holds its flavor when cooked in sauces and pies. It is also often used to make cider.

Wolf River Apple

Apple_wolfriverA very old hearty apple variety that is large in size, commonly weighing over a pound. This apple is golden green to bright red in color with a firm cream-colored flesh that provides a rich sweet flavor. The firm flesh makes it an excellent apple for sauce, for drying, for baking, and eating out of hand.

York Imperial

Apple_york_imperialAn apple variety characterized by its red skin, which contains streaks of yellow and russet specks and its flattened oblong shape. It has a creamy white flesh that is crisp and coarse textured. The York Imperial has a flavor that is sweet yet slightly tart. It is an excellent choice for baked desserts or for dishes cooked on the stovetop, since it holds its shape and flavor well when cooked. It is most often available during the winter months.

Zestar Apple

Apple_zestarA variety of apple that grows well in cooler climates, Zestar apples are harvested late in the summer season. It is bright red with greenish yellow coloring, medium sized, with a crisp white grainy flesh that is very juicy and sweet in flavor. The sweet spicy flavor of this apple makes it an excellent one for snacking, as well as for baking and sauces. Store it in refrigerated areas to keep for approximately 6 to 8 weeks.

 
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